12
Jul

7 Greatest Philosophers in Chinese History



hey yo what up everybody is off to Great Wall it's Mike in here Dan Chen here and if you haven't heard already please check out our double chin channel you can click the link right over here that's me and Mac coming at you that's right anyway you probably have heard of Confucius you know the guy who many people think writes for the fortune cookie company where he doesn't Confucius was very influential even to this day but there are other philosophers throughout Chinese history who also made significant impacts on traditional Chinese culture there were seven philosophers known as the preach in seven referring to the seven great thinkers in the spring and autumn warring States period before the Qin Dynasty who made everlasting impacts through Chinese history the seven philosophers named consul months han feizi trongsa mortal shinsen and wells so you probably noticed that other names all have the Z at the end a literal translation of course is kit but in this case this is added to their name as of sign of respect because they are great thinkers and great teachers so anybody who was considered a great thinker or teacher they would be referred to by their last name and the word exists so if Dan and I were great teachers we would be called chants nice let's start with the Philosopher's we are all familiar with cones or Confucius he was born in 551 BC in the loose state of China his teaching focused on creating ethical models of family and public interaction personal and governmental morality justice sincerity and setting educational standards Confucius's ideas were not embraced during his lifetime sadly and he was forced to leave his home state of Lu and wonder throughout the different countries he died in 479 BC it was until after the collapse of the Qin Dynasty did Confucius his thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucian confucianism later became the official Imperial philosophy of China and was extremely influential during the Hun Tung and Song dynasties Confucius's principles had a huge impact in common Chinese tradition and belief he championed strong family loyalty ancestor worship respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wise and calling the well-known principle do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself number two Muslim war Misha's he was a thinker whose importance in the confusion tradition is second only to that of Confucius himself he was an interpreter of Confucianism and is most famous for his theory of human nature according to which all human beings share an innate goodness that either can be cultivated through education and self-discipline war squandered through neglect and negative influences but never lost altogether Manchus disciples included a large number of feudal lords and he was actually more influential than Confucius had been previous he expressed his filial devotion when he took three years leave of absence from his official duties for Qi to mourn his mother's death disappointed at his failure to affect changes in his contemporary world he retired from public life number three I'm Faisal elements of Chinese legalist philosophy can be traced to the 7th century BC but it was humpin sir who developed the precepts of this political philosophy into its definitive form unlike the other famed philosophers of the time and fades it was a member of the ruling aristocracy having been born into the ruling family of the state of Han during the end phase of the warring States Period Han phase they belong to the school of legalism legalism assumed that people were naturally evil and always acted to avoid punishment while simultaneously trying to achieve gains thus the law must severely punish any unwanted action while at the same time reward those who follow it his philosophy was very influential and became one of the guiding principles of the fur emperor of china Qing Chuang number for transit transit lived during the late fourth century in the state of song he refused a state office offered to him by the king of true and preferred a private and quiet life or in the words of himself to drag my tail in the mud like a tortoise what does that mean you know you're like a tortoise and then you you have a tail right okay so you drag your tail through the mud like a tortoise god yeah anyway Jones is credited with writing imparts were in whole a work known by his name the transit which expresses a philosophy which is skeptical arguing that life is limited and knowledge to be gained is unlimited in to use still limited to pursue the unlimited he said was foolish number 5 Watson water was born in Shandong Province China he founded a school of moyson whose fundamental doctrine of undifferentiated love challenged Confucianism for several centuries mode Zhu was originally a follower of the teachings of Confucius until he became convinced that Confucianism laid too much emphasis on a burdensome code of rituals and too little on religious teaching at which time Moses decided to go his own way more does life however resembled that of Confucius in many important respects he was widely read and well-versed in the tradition of Chinese classic he also was forced to travel living around the different countries during the warring States Woods is known by many children through his work the thousand character classic this is a Chinese poem used as a primer for teaching Chinese characters to children from the sixth century onward it contains exactly 1000 characters each one used only once arranged into 250 lines of four characters a piece grouped into four line rhyming stands us to make it easy to memorize it formed the basis of literacy training in traditional China number six shinsen shinza was a philosopher who was one of the three great confusion philosophers of the Classical period in China he elaborated and systematized the work undertaken by Confucius and vicious students the believed man's am bored Tennessee's need to be curbed through education and ritual counter to mrs. view that man is innately good he believed that ethical norms had been invented to rectify mankind shinza was a more rigorous thinker and wrote elaborate argued essays which were collected into the book called Shinzon he distinguishes what is born in man and what must be learned through rigorous education these essays are often critical of competing schools such as Taoism and more ism as well as rival schools within Confucianism number seven and finally another philosopher who you may be familiar with louts a literal translation is old kid clouds is best known as the author of the daodejing and the founder of Taoism he is also revered as a deity in the Taoist religion as legend has it Lhasa underwent a profound spiritual awakening and then travel to the western frontier were he disappeared forever into the land of the immortus the last person he encountered was a gatekeeper named Yin Zi who requested that Lhasa offered to him and all humanity the essence of the wisdom that had been revealed to him in response to this request also dictated what was to be known as the diluting the daodejing often called simply you guessed it louder after its author describes the Dow or tau as the source and ideal of all existence it is unseen but not transcendent immensely powerful yet supremely humble being the root of all the things the daodejing intends to lead students to a return to their natural state in harmony with Dao weight so Laos is immortal yeah technically not a lot is no lovelyz's personal life and a lot of people believe that he never died okay so like walked away into the western sunset so you're saying like if we went to the mountains of China right now we might find out so he Mitch he's in the realm of the immortal he's like are you gonna take a bus to the realm of immortal being it just like buy a ticket right a donkey to the land of immortals maybe no donkey but I don't know you came in lighting it he's crying another dimension right now hey you know if me and you wrote a spiritual book we'll just call it our names yeah well finishing the Mike sighing yeah your book would be literally translated as know how that sound it would be actually funny enough you guys don't know this but my dad actually got my name from love's really from his book not thou judging but I think another one how many books are right here old at least three that I know it's a different book dress inside it says buying shishun which means that the sound is so vast that there is no sound sorry so he's saying you're so freaking loud all of us go death and can't hear anything well at the time when he gave me the name you know I wasn't born yet so he didn't know that I was gonna dig dude that was the case which I concur it is what happened anyway guys thanks so much for watching hope you learned some stuff from this and maybe feel a little spiritually lifted I don't know sorry guys thanks for watching 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